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 NOTE : The Intellectual Property of the HyperIntensive Bamboo-GrowingTechnologydescribed in this Website, is an exclusive ownership of Grainis ltd. Hydrogen Bulgaria, based on a Know-How Agreement, governed by the Laws of the Republic of Bulgaria ( art. 587(1-9) of the Bulgarian Commercial Code).
Our work is in a full compliance with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals 
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the European Green Deal & Recovery Plan 
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and the Principles of the Global Circular Economy.

Regarding the “European Biomass Problem” - the Letter of 800 Scientists to the EU.

Assertions that Biomass is NOT a Sustainable Fuel, are completely wrong.

This is probably valid only regarding the Forest Biomass, made out of cut forest trees. 

But there are alternative, 100% Carbon-Neutral ways to produce biomass, biofuels and else products too.

And this fact must be counted and included into the equation, if we speak about serious scientists.

For example, our company Grainis ltd. Hydrogen Bulgaria has been working since 2005 on projects and technologies for Hyper-Intensive, Gigantic-Volume Production of  Fast-Growing (1m/day) Bamboo Biomass, indoors, on Shelves, in a Vertical Multifloor Aeroponic Farm (aerofarms.com

100 Metric Tons per Day of  Green Biomass, produced on a 2,000 sq.m occupied land plot, with zero impact on the environment, and without a single tree cut

This unique technology will offer multiple crops, EVERYDAY HARVESTS and Giant Yields of  Fresh Green Bamboo Biomass, on 400 times less Farmland, with 95% Water savings, 100% Herbicide savings, 24h LED Lighting, 30% CO2-Boost, Computer-Controlled Sterile, Germless Feed Supply and Artificial Tropical Climate Environment. 

This is a precise, intelligent and high-tech farming of the future, which will eliminate someday at 100% all the drawbacks and impacts of the traditional primitive farming and the mass forest trees cutting.

100 Metric Tons per Day of  Green Biomass, produced on a 2,000 sq.m occupied land plot, with zero impact on the environment, and without a single tree cut

This unique technology will offer multiple crops, EVERYDAY HARVESTS and Giant Yields of  Fresh Green Bamboo Biomass, on 400 times less Farmland, with 95% Water savings, 100% Herbicide savings, 24h LED Lighting, 30% CO2-Boost, Computer-Controlled Sterile, Germless Feed Supply and Artificial Tropical Climate Environment. 

This is a precise, intelligent and high-tech farming of the future, which will eliminate someday at 100% all the drawbacks and impacts of the traditional primitive farming and the mass forest trees cutting. 

Thousands of  Vertical Farms will be spread across Europe and World, producing various kinds of fast-growing Biomass, Foods, Fuels, Industrial & Construction Materials, etc. 

Thus we'll not only save all the forests, but moreover, will create a lot more new ones, fighting the mass-deforestation and land-degradation, and will be able to turn all the deserts into green gardens - https://desert.alle.bg. Soil erosion globally is estimated up to 75 Gt /year, or a rate of 2,000 tonnes per second !

After 10-20 years, having this technology in use, there won't be such crazy people to cut even a single tree

The "Payback Period"  the reporters are mentioning, with our technology in hands, will be just one day ( the term of growing up the new bamboo crop) instead of  "years and centuries" for growing a new natural forest, as said in the reports. 

The process turnover will be so fast, that there will be no time for piling up the new volume of newly-emitted CO2 into the atmosphere, to play its negative global-warming role as a GHG. It'll be immediately consumed by the newly-growing plants.

The Bamboo Plants will consume huge volumes of CO2 from the air while growing during their 24h growth-cycle, then will be processed into biogas and liquid fuels, pellets, foods, fodders, pulps, fibers, humus-fertilizers, construction & engineering materials, etc., and during that time the new plants will grow, consuming new huge volumes of CO2

That will be a perfect closed-loop cycle of  CO2-Sequestration (CCS), where most of the CO2 will be sealed for some time in some fuel or material, or food, or into the soil, through our organic humus-fertilizers, not acting as a GHG agent at all, while the new growing crops will consume new volumes of CO2 in the same time. 

Also, the direct combustion of  bamboo-biomass hard-fuel pellets and briquettes could be assisted of ultrahigh-temperature SOH Gas Burners for full-blast combustion (annihilation) of the Bamboo Biomass, with zero emissions and air-pollution with dust and fine powder particles .

So the process will be actually 100% Carbon-Neutral and Sustainable .

Spreading the technology around the globe will offer more and more gigantic volumes of CO2 to be captured and stored into various materials.   

And this is just one alternative of the cutting-trees option.

The Vertical Farm Technology will also help for eliminating the Livestock’s Methane, CO2, H2S etc. emissions by breeding Animals on Floors, in a completely sealed and sterile V-Farm, and also by breeding Protein-Rich INSECTS  on Shelves. 

Insects need 6 times less feed, 200 times less water, 1,000 times less land and emit 2,500 times less GH gases per kg meat produced, than the cows

Insect's Protein can be used for production of many low-fat, delicious and healthy analog, meat-similar foods. 

No doubt this will be one of the foods of the future. 

The Vertical Farm Technology will also help for eliminating the Livestock’s Methane, CO2, H2S etc. emissions by breeding Animals on Floors, in a completely sealed and sterile V-Farm, and also by breeding Protein-Rich INSECTS  on Shelves. 

Insects need 6 times less feed, 200 times less water, 1,000 times less land and emit 2,500 times less GH gases per kg meat produced, than the cows

Insect's Protein can be used for production of many low-fat, delicious and healthy analog, meat-similar foods. 

No doubt this will be one of the foods of the future.

Grainis ltd. Hydrogen Bulgaria has worked for the last 15 years on projects for Hyper-Intensive, Fast, Abundant and Low-Cost Intelligent / Precision Farming, based on application of advanced Hydrogen and Hybrid-Hydrogen (SOH Gas), etc. Technologies.

Our BAMBOO Biomass Project offers Everyday Harvests and Gigantic Yields of  Biomass , produced indoors, on shelves, on 1,000 times less  Land area, with 95% Water Savings, 100% Herbicide & Pesticide Savings, thanks to our disruptive, Superfast-Growing (1m/day) Bamboo, Hyper-Intensive, Vertical-Farming Technology, totally-unaffected by adverse weather conditions.

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Another excellent Biomass-Generator Option is the Superfast-Growing Californian Kelp - grows as fast as 60cm/day tall and 20cm/day wide, in natural conditions. In the Hyper-Intensive Vertical Farm, with 24h LED Lighting and intensively-fed Aquatic Environment, we'll expect a much higher speed and yields.
Dried & Milled Kelp will be a perfect Powder Fuel for Dust-Gas Turbines, Pellets, Briquettes, BioGas, BioMethane, BioEthanol, BioDiesel, for Foods, Fodders and Food / Fodder Additives, Protein Powders, Pulps, Fibers, Fertilizers, Structural Materials.
Kelp could be mass-cultivated on Roto-Elevating Shelves in a Climate-Controlled, 24h LED-lighted Vertical Multifloor Farm. In such beneficial conditions we'll expect even faster speed of growth than the above-reported 61cm/day and gigantic yields of Biomass, which could be dried and milled into fine-powder Fuel for Dust-Burners or Gas-Dust Turbine-Generatorsfuel supply. Kelp's Biomass could be also processed into BioGas & BioMethane by a 35-day Cycle of Anaerobic Digestion in 35 Day-Portion Plastic Silos, and the BioMethane produced could be further processed by Steam Reforming into 100% clean Hydrogen for FCEVs. Steam Reforming appears to be the cheapest possible method for Hydrogen production. USA produce about 10 million tons of Hydrogen per year using that process, consuming Fossil Natural Gas as a Methane source.  Alternatively, our V-Farm Technology can use a 100% Carbon-Neutral and even Carbon-Negative plant-derived Energy and BioMethane for unlimited quantities of 100% Green-Hydrogen production. Kelp's Biomass could be also gasified into syngas for Hydrogen production through water-gas shift reaction.
Seaweed could be also used for mass-production of transparent, EDIBLE Glasses etc. Tableware, - offered by the Indonesian Company EVOWARE .
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Our multi-faceted V-Farm technology offers a completely new Philosophy about the Farming of the Future.

No more mud, dust, rain, snow, storms, cold, heat, drought, flood, fires, vermins, insects, diseases, hard labor, polluting diesel tractors etc. machinery.  

Non-stop Computer-Controlled Climate in a 100% Sterile, Lab-Like Environment, Aeroponic Plants' Roots & Leaves Feeding, 24h LED lighting, 30% CO2-adition for plants' growing boost, etc.

The Farmer of the Future will work in a white apron, with a tablet in hand.

No more land-degradation, erosion, abrasion, deforestation, desertification.
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could be made in a traditional way, out of steel profiles, or out of superstrong, lightweight and low-cost Basalt-Fiber Composite  Assembly Modules,
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or out of strong, lightweight and cheap Bamboo Poles -
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for low-cost production of  BioGas / BioMethane / BioEthanol etc. Carbon-Neutral Fuels, by Multi-Floor/Shelf Stacking-Crane / Conveyor Robotic Systems for fast, intelligent, non-stop 24/7 servicing, in the same time, of thousands of Aeroponic Racks, full of Bamboo Shoot Plants, growing in a lab-like 100% germless sterile environment with central-supply-grid of spray-feed solutions, under 24-hour LED-Lighting, at computer-controlled Tropical-Climate Temperature and Humidity.
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Producing Fuel is 50 times more profitable than producing Power .
All the Power & Heat needed for the Bamboo's growth, will be delivered by 10% of the Farm's Pellet Production ( or better - by a portion of Dried and Fine-Milled Biomass Powder Fuel, direct-driving a Gas Turbine ) , by a Solar / Wind Power Plant, or by a SOH Gas Power Plant at a cost, close to zero.
Nitrogen Fertilizers needed to boost the Bamboo's growth, could be produced on-site, out of Nitrogen, captured from the Air, and Hydrogen, produced by the SOH Gas-Power Plant.
All the Water, needed for the Farm's Aeroponic Feed System, can be generated on-site as well, by capturing water vapor from the Air .
So we could finally produce Biomass, Biogas, Pellets, Powder Fuel, Pulps, Fibers, Foods, Fodders, Humus-Fertilizers, Construction Materials, etc., out of Thin Air only .
We've srarted talks with one of the largest Automated ASRS Shelving-System Builder - STAMHlocated here in Sofia, Bulgaria which has built recently the  highest (45m) freeze-storage vertical warehouse in Europe, for building a 30m-high Vertical Aeroponic Multifloor Farm for Bamboo Biomass production, on 3,000 sq.m land area. This Farm will handle more than 10,000 trays per day with 8 stacker-cranes and fully-automated Conveyors, and will be a self-supporting assembly-modular construction system.
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for non-stop everyday supplying 35 large Reactor Silos with cut & chopped fresh green biomass for 35-day Anaerobic Bacterial Digestion and Biogas / BioMethane / BioEthanol production .
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Each one of the 35 Anaerobic-Digestion Biomass Silos contains a one-day portion of bamboo biomass produced.
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Although our Refinery will be started in 1-2 years or later, we already have received orders for millions of tons of BioMethane.
We are also working on a project for a Small, Container-Sized Bamboo-Biomass BioReactor , roomed in several 40' Containers,  for Power, Heat and BioMethane Car Fuel and Pellets supply of  Households, Small and Medium Business Facilities, Communities, Infrastructures, etc. - https://bamboo-biomass.alle.bg 
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BIOETHANOL
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BODIESEL
Hyper-Intensive indoor cultivation on multiple shelves, of  fast-growing (3 monhs vs 4 years, 5kg nuts / stem) Bamboo-Crossbred  Jatropha Curcas Plant  for mass-production of  Carbon-Neutral BIODIESEL FUEL, at an extremely low cost . 
Jatropha could be CROSSBRED with Bamboo, offering HIGHER YIELDS (4-5kg per root) and drastic, 20 times speed-up of the plant's maturity growth - 3 months, instead of 5 years for the regular, non-crossbred plants in natural conditions.
Also, the Bamboo-Crossbredding offers much shorter, 1m-high "dwarf" bush plants, suitable for aeroponical growing on shelves
Jatropha is known as a toxic plant, but we are also working on Bamboo-Crossbred  100% Non-Toxic Jatropha, known for centuries in some states of Mexico as "Xuta" and widely used as a regular delicious food in the local cuisines. 
Xuta's seeds are consumed baked, boiled, fried, added to various meals, or for making sweet breads, etc.
Xuta's Bush size is much shorter than the regular Jatropha Curcas, (compared on the picture below, suitable for growing on 1m Shelves in our Vertical Farm), but with even better yield performance. 
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PEANUTS, grown on Floors/Shelves, in a Vertical Multi-storey Aeroponic Farm (V-Farm), offer several Harvests per year, and Giant Yields of oilseeds.

For example, the Bulgarian variety Lotos from Sadovo grows until harvest in only 115 days!

However, in the hyper-intensive conditions of a V-Farm, with a fixed warm climate, 24-hour LED Lighting in Cyan Spectrum and Intensive Concentrated Feeding, this period will be significantly shortened, probably less than 60 days, which implies over 6 harvests per year!

Peanut Plants will grow together with Superfast-Growing (1m/day) Bamboo for Everyday Harvests and Gigantic-Yields production of  Supercheap C-Neutral Biomass-Powder Fuel for the Farm's Heating and Lighting.
PEANUTS are a unique Ecological and Environment-Friendly Solution of a number of Energy, Ecological, Food and Social Problems.
The Oil Content of Peanut Nuts is extremely high - it reaches nearly 60%.
Apart from being a direct food, nuts are used for grinding and forming the extremely delicious and popular Peanut Butter.

Besides Butter, Peanuts are raw material for 12 more Products! - Expeller (Cake), which is ground into fine Flour for making delicious Bread and various Bakery products ;  Tahini , Proteins , Fats , Fuels , Biomass from stalks and shells - for Fodder, Biogas, Pellets, Pulps, Fertilizers, etc.

It is hardly to name another culture that offers such a wide range of different applications!


Peanut Oil is also a great product, extracted from the nuts, which can be used both for cooking and seasoning, as well as a 100% Carbon-Neutral Fuel for direct combustion in Stoves, Boilers and Burners, and after the application of a simple chemical process called transesterification - for obtaining high quality, 100% C-Neutral  BioDiesel, comparable with highest-class Petroleum Diesel.

The Peanut Oil’s properties as a Direct, Economical (1 l/h), Highly Calorific (40MJ / kg - almost as much as the Gasoline and Diesel), Ultra-Cheap (less than EUR 0.30/l), Low-Emission ( clean combustion, without Soot and Sulfur Oxides, with much lower NOx and CO2 Emissions), 100% Carbon-Neutral and Safe (non-Self-Igniting) Fuel for Household and Industrial Stoves, Boilers, Autoclaves and other Thermal Installations, undoubtedly put it at the forefront among the Polluted Urban Air’s  solutions.

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-1315/105/1/012047/pdf


The Vertical Farm Technology used in Peanut Farming allows over 6 Harvests per Year, with Giant Yields per decare of occupied land area - 1000 times more (300 kg vs. 300,000 kg/decare) compared to the traditional primitive agriculture - which allows a drastic drop in production costs and achieving an extremely low market price of the final Strategic Product - Fuel Peanut Oil and BioDiesel.

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Peanut Oil burns perfectly, as it is, in diesel engines with minimal modifications, as well as in super-compact and hyper-high-speed Gas Turbines with fuel’s Preheating and Water-Emulsification before fuel injection, in order to reduce viscosity and achieve significant savings - up to 50% ; with Direct Mechanical Transmission, Turbo-Pneumatics or coupled with Electric-Power Generator for On-Board Power Generation and Electric-Motor Propulsion of  Electric Cars, Trucks, Tractors, Loaders, etc. Heavy Machinery, plus Trains, Ships, Aircraft - a Technology that will leave the heavy, expensive, slow-charging, highly-pollutive Batteries in the past.

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This Technology could be applied for tremendous Energy-Cost Reduction in all kinds of  Households, SMEs, larger Businesses & Industrial Facilities, Communities, Schools, Hospitals, Sport Objects, Mines, Farms, etc., as well as in all kinds of  Vehicles.

Our technology is times better than the EV's one, though a Peanut-Oil / Diesel Engine-Power-Generator could be combined with an On-Board Electric-Propulsion System, for a best Propulsion performance. 

Fossil-Diesel will be banned as a fuel, in a decade or two. 

There are many noisy Rock Stars making a multi-billion marketing and giant desperate attempts, but still demonstrating not a single Alternatively-working Engine for Heavy Vehicles as Trucks, Front-Loaders, Excavators, Cranes, Power-Generation, Construction & Mining Machinery, Trains, Ships, Planes, etc. for the moment. 

Our P-Oil Technology is a clean, C-Neutral, existing & working solution for saving the existing Multi-Billion Asset Base of  Diesel-Engine Production Lines,  Factories and entire Economies, facing crash-down and scrapping soon. 

Another promising oilseed plant is the Ricin ( Ricinus Communis - 62% Oil Content ) which is extremely size-suitable for growing indoors, on shelves, in our Vertical Farm. 

We expect really gigantic oilseed yields and biodiesel output out of its fast-growing Bamboo-Crossbred Clone. 

Ricin is well known as a source of oil for lamps etc., yet 4,000 years ago. Its oil is widely used today as well

Ricinus plant and seeds are relatively toxic, but can be fully-detoxified by some genetic technologies and the Biomass Cake, remained after the ricin-oil extraction, - which cake is extremely rich of nutritions,  can be used as animal feed.

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Our technology could offer also : Production of  perfect low-carb, high-fiber, low-fat, low-callory Bamboo Flour for various Breads, Pizza, Pies, Cookies, Bakery, etc., Foods. 
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Fresh Bamboo Shoots / Sprouts are a demanded delicacy food in many cuisines -
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Aeroponic Multiharvest Cultivation of  Lavender, Rose, Dwarf Magnolia Champaca etc. PlantsFlowers, indoors, on roto-shelves, for production & sales of extremely-expensive Essential Oils, combined with hyperintensive mass-production of delicious Bee Honey and Honey Products . Millions of Bumblebees will be saved and protected from the pesticides etc. chemicals and dangers outdoors, in the sterile environment of the V-Farm.
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On-Shelf Production of fresh-green  Animal Foods / Fodders  -
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Dried, Milled as Powder Fuel and Pressed / Briquetted / Pelletized Bamboo Biomass - could be used as Hard Fuel for Boilers, Stoves
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and as Organic Fertilizers for Humus-Enrichment of Degraded, Eroded, Abraded, Contaminated, Deserted Soils. Organic Bamboo Biomass and fast-growing forests could turn arid degraded lands and sandy deserts into water-rich green gardens and could create hundreds of new businesses and jobs, in the middle of nowhere
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About 10% of the Pellets / Briquettes / Powder Fuel produced could be turned back for power & heat production and supply of all the Farm's Energy needs. 

Multicrop yields of various cultures as Vegetables, Sweet Potatoes, Oilseed Plants as Soy, Jatropha, Ricinus, Sesame; Pulses as  fastest-growing (48 days Naturally, 15 days in V-Farm, heavy-cropper Topcrop and Contender Sorts ) Green / Shell Pea / Beans, producing also large volumes of Biomass for Fodders, Biogas, Pellets : 
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Crossbread Bamboo Rice , etc. Grains ; Multicrop Tobaccos, Bamboo-Crossbred Fast-Growing Medical Hemp etc. Alacaloid Plants ; also Root-fruit plants as Sugar Beetroot ; Fast-Growing Bamboo-Crossbered Multicrop Dwarf Sugar Cane ; Zero-Sugar STEVIA, Cotton (4 Harvests/Year), Linen, Cotton & Linen's Oil, etc. fibre plants / products, Tropical and else Berries, Nuts, Flowers, Coffee, Tea, Herbs / Medicine and Spice Plants, Mushrooms and demanded Fruits gown on "Dwarf-Trees", in bowls, on shelves, in a Vertical Multifloor Aeroponic Farm.
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various SPICES - as the most expensive one - the Saffron (€70k/kg), grown on multiple shelves, with 24h lighting and controlled climate and aerosol feed spraying on the roots, allowing multiple harvests per year with large yields
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Livestock Bred on Floors in a Multi Floor BFC Vertical Farm’s Conditions, copy-paste of the Natural ones - green grass lawns, bright lighting, warm-fresh light breeze, 100% Sterile=Clean / Germless Atmosphere - no more Mad Cow, Mastitis, Swine Flu / Fever, etc. Epidemics, Zero Methane / CO2 / H2S - Emissions into the Atmosphere (a great and growing problem), and 100% Circular & Closed Loop of Waste Treatment

All the fresh-green fodder feed will be non-stop provided by an attached Bamboo-Biomass Aeroponic V-Farm

Both Farms will form a fully-autonomous, Carbon / GHG - Neutral  Combined-Food Factory, to be placed everywhere - in the Desert, in the Ocean, on the Pole, on Everest, in the Stratosphere, in the Space, on the Moon or Mars.

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Aquaculture - Fish (Tilapia for 4 months), Lobster, Crab, Shrimp, Oyster, Protein-Richest / 70% Plant - Spirulina Algae -  feedstock for Vegan and Space/Astro-Superfoods )
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Insect-Based Powders & Meat-Analog Foods - (same Protein Content as the Beef, BUT : 6 times less feed, 1,000 times less Water, 1,000 times less Land, 2,500 times less GH Gas Emissions ) - Ÿnsect - https://ynsect.com/en/. The 100% Sterile Vertical Farm is the perfect place for safe, hyper-intensive rearing of various Insects as Crickets, Black Soldier Fly's ( Hermetia Illucens ) Larvae (43% Protein), Yellow Mealworm, etc. and for unlimited, everyday-harvest giant yields of sterilemilled and partially-rotten yummy Bamboo Biomass for supplying the great Larvae's appetite, allowing BSF Larvae to grow 9,000 times in just 2 weeks !
The Sterile-Clean Concept of our V-Farm, with its full UV-Germicide-Decontamination of the incoming Air, the rigorous Disinfection and product's zero-contact with the Personnel and all the incoming consumables, shows how unjust is the  Novel Food EU Directive 2017/893  by banning the Insect Production as a Human's Food, because of the possible Prion Contamination (never found in Insects so far), but saying not a single word about the option of 100% Sterile-Clean Indoor Rearing the Insects and their indoor-grown Sterile Biomass Food (unlike the Pathogenic Wastes usually used to feed BSF ), plus a combined High-Frequency Microwave, Infrasound, -250deg.C Cryo-Shock and UV - Treatment (no data of anything of the aforementioned being applied anywhere so far ) of the final Insect / Larvae Product for full-denaturation of all the Prions and extermination of all the living organisms in the Insect / Larvae's bodies, eventually suceeded to pass the fierce sanitary barriers. 
Following that logic, all the foods must be banned, because Prion Contamination could practically occur anytime and everywhere.
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Fortunately, the ban on the Yellow Mealworm was officially abolished recently, so this insect and its forms and substrates will be produced and offered for human's consumption without problem. 
We are expecting the same to happen to other insects as Hermetia Illucens for example, soon.
Fast-Growing Paulownia-Tree Saplings could be grown on multiple shelves in a Vertical Aeroponic Farm
for further Afforestation of degraded lands. Paulownia sequesters 10 times more CO2 than the other trees. When planted and while growing outdoors, Paulownia will sequester great volumes of CO2 into the soil. Its leaves contain 10 times more Protein than the other trees' leaves.
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